Brazilian Journal of Physics
versão On-line ISSN 1678-4448
FORKEL, Hilmar. Topological charge screening and pseudoscalar glueballs. Braz. J. Phys. [online]. 2004, vol.34, n.3a, pp. 875-878. ISSN 1678-4448. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-97332004000500045.
Topological charge screening in the QCD vacuum is found to provide crucial nonperturbative contributions to the short-distance expansion of the pseudoscalar (0-+) glueball correlator. The screening contributions enter the Wilson coefficients and are an indispensable complement to the direct instanton contributions. They restore consistency with the anomalous axial Ward identity and remedy several flaws in the 0-+ glueball sum rules caused by direct instantons in the absence of screening (lack of resonance signals, violation of the positivity bound and of the underlying low-energy theorem). The impact of the finite width of the instanton size distribution and the (gauge-invariant) renormalization of the instanton contributions are also discussed. New predictions for the 0-+ glueball mass and decay constant are presented.