Brazilian Journal of Physics
Print version ISSN 0103-9733
On-line version ISSN 1678-4448
GARCIA DE ANDRADE, L. C.. Non-Riemannian geometry of twisted flux tubes. Braz. J. Phys. [online]. 2006, vol.36, n.4a, pp.1290-1295. ISSN 0103-9733. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-97332006000700030.
New examples of the theory recently proposed by Ricca [PRA(1991)] on the generalization of Da Rios-Betchov intrinsic equations on curvature and torsion of classical non-Riemannian vortex higher-dimensional string are given. In particular we consider applications to 3-dimesional fluid dynamics, including the case of a twisted flux tube and the fluid rotation. In this case use is made of Da Rios equation to constrain the fluid. Integrals on the Cartan connection are shown to be related to the integrals which represent the total Frenet torsion and total curvature. By analogy with the blue phases twisted tubes in liquid crystals, non-Riemannian geometrical formulation of the twisted flux tube in fluid dynamics is obtained. A theorem by Ricca and Moffatt on invariant integrals for the Frenet curvature is used to place limits on the Cartan integrals. The stationary incompressible flow case is also addressed in the non-Riemannian case where Cartan torsion scalars are shown to correspond to abnormalities of the congruence. Geodesic motion is shown to be torsionless. Vorticity is shown to be expressed in terms of abnormalities of the congruence, which is analogous to the result recenly obtained [Garcia de Andrade,PRD(2004)], where the vorticity of the superfluid plays the role of Cartan contortion vector in the context of analog gravity.
Keywords : Twisted flux tubes; Non-Riemannanian geometry.