Economia e Sociedade
versión impresa ISSN 0104-0618
PEREIRA, Wellington; PORCILE, Gabriel y FURTADO, João. International competitiveness and technology: an analysis of the structure of Brazilian exports. Econ. soc. [online]. 2011, vol.20, n.3, pp. 501-531. ISSN 0104-0618. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-06182011000300003.
In this work, international trade is used as a specific vantage point to analyze the technological intensity of Brazil´s productive structure. Exports with a higher technological intensity indicate greater local technological capabilities, this leading to a more dynamic international insertion regarding terms of trade. Several indicators are used to measure this intensity, among which are the destination of Brazilian exports and a comparison of Brazilian and OECD exports. These are used to assess the extent to which structural change in Brazil has favored sectors in which technical change and demand growth are higher. Lastly, a matrix of trade dynamism is constructed, crossing the indicators of technological intensity with the index of revealed comparative advantage.
Palabras llave : Foreign trade; Technology; Productive structure.