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Economia e Sociedade

Print version ISSN 0104-0618On-line version ISSN 1982-3533

Abstract

LIMA, Manuela Gomes de; LELIS, Marcos Tadeu Caputi  and  CUNHA, André Moreira. International commerce and competiveness in Brazil: a comparative study using the Constant-Market-Share methodology for the period 2000-2011. Econ. soc. [online]. 2015, vol.24, n.2, pp.419-448. ISSN 1982-3533.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-3533.2015v24n2art7.

This paper evaluates the export performance of Brazil, China, United States, Germany, Russia, South Korea, and Japan, between 2000 and 2011, based on the recent literature on international competitiveness. By applying the Constant-Market-Share model, it was possible to quantify the contribution of product composition, market distribution and competitiveness on the growth in exports of each country. It was found that growing international demand favoured the commodity exporters as well as countries that prioritized the most dynamic markets (especially Asia). The results on the competitiveness effect were less accurate given that the impact of determinant factors varies according to the specialization pattern of each economy.

Keywords : International competitiveness; Export performance; Constant-Market-Share Analysis; Brazil; Development.

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