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Economia e Sociedade

Print version ISSN 0104-0618On-line version ISSN 1982-3533

Abstract

MALDONALDO FILHO, Eduardo; FERRARI FILHO, Fernando  and  MILAN, Marcelo. Why does the Brazilian economy not grow in a dynamic and sustainable way? A Kaleckian and Keynesian analysis. Econ. soc. [online]. 2016, vol.25, n.2, pp.429-456. ISSN 0104-0618.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-3533.2016v25n2art6.

This article examines the relationship between investment and economic growth in Brazil. In light of the Keynesian and Kaleckian approaches, it aims to understand the stagnation the Brazilian economy has experienced since the 1990s, despite the monetary stabilization achieved with the Real Plan. Empirical evidence shows that investment increased for a period of time in the past few years, but not to the point of getting the economy back on track in terms of high growth rates and higher investment-GDP ratios. The econometric analysis is compatible with the theoretical underpinnings and identifies important issues such as the high real interest rates.

Keywords : Investment theory; Economic growth; Brazilian economy; Kaleckian theory; Keynesian theory.

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