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Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-0707
On-line version ISSN 1980-265X
MORAIS, Eliane Pinheiro de; RODRIGUES, Rosalina Aparecida Partezani and GERHARDT, Tatiana Engel. The oldest elders in rural life: reality of life and health of a population of the gaúcho countryside. Texto contexto - enferm. [online]. 2008, vol.17, n.2, pp.374-383. ISSN 0104-0707. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-07072008000200021.
This cross-sectional epidemiological study aims to describe and analyze demographic and socioeconomic data and health conditions of elderly people of 80 years or more, residents in the rural area of Encruzilhada do Sul, RS, Brazil. The population consisted of 137 elderly people. The data was collected through interviews carried out at the participants' homes, between March and June of 2006. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The mean age of the women was 84.1 (SD=3.8), and of the men 85.3 (SD=3.5). As to the marital status and years of study, there are significant differences between men and women; 80% of the women are widows (p<0.001), and 77.2% are illiterate (p<0.013). Rheumatism and hypertension are the most common morbidities. This study contributes to give greater visibility to this part of the population, towards better comprehension of the aging process and adequacy of public policies.
Keywords : Aging; Rural health; Aged, 80 and over; Health of the elderly.