Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-0707
PUPULIM, Jussara Simone Lenzi and SAWADA, Namie Okino. Physical privacy regarding body exposure and manipulation: perception of hospitalized patients. Texto contexto - enferm. [online]. 2010, vol.19, n.1, pp. 36-44. ISSN 0104-0707. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-07072010000100004.
The aim of this descriptive study, using Content Analysis, is to describe hospitalized patients' perceptions of physical privacy regarding having their bodies exposed and physically manipulated. Thirty-four hospitalized patients took part in the study. From interview analysis, four thematic categories based on privacy theories emerged: dignity and respect; intimacy and touch; personal and territorial space; and autonomy. Patients admit discomfort and embarrassment at nudity and bodily touch, especially their private parts, mentioning behavioral factors which contribute or not to protect and maintain physical privacy. Respect emerges as the most important aspect, followed by the need for personal control over situations which violate privacy. To these patients, privacy is linked to dignity and respect, demands a combination of intimacy and bodily touch, depends on outlining the personal/territorial space, and depends on a guarantee of autonomy. These concepts/attitudes are connected and essential to protecting physical privacy in the hospital.
Keywords : Patient care; Hospitalization; Privacy; Personal autonomy; Territoriality.