Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-1169
FUJIMORI, Elizabeth; SZARFARC, Sophia C and OLIVEIRA, Ida Maria Vianna de. Prevalence of anemia and iron-deficiency in female teenagers - Taboão da Serra, SP, Brazil. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 1996, vol.4, n.3, pp. 49-63. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11691996000300005.
It was studied an equiprobabilistic sample of 262 female teenagers living in the city of Taboão da Serra, Brazil, with the aim of evaluating the prevalence of anemia and iron-deficiency. Anemia was identified by the hemoglobin level and the prevalence of iron-deficiency was determined through the concentration of free erythrocyte protoporphyrin. It was observed a prevalence of 17,6% of anemia, and its occurrence was inversely related to factors indicative of the economic-social level: income, schooling of parents and home's characteristics. The presence of anemia was higher in the group that did not have reached menarche, and its occurrence did not show relation with the interval between menstrual cycle. The prevalence of iron-deficiency was of 29,4% and it was not verified correlation between the bloody hemoglobin and the free erythrocyte protoporphyrin, except in severe cases of anemia.
Keywords : anemia; iron-deficiency; female adolescents.