Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
versão impressa ISSN 0104-1169
MUROFUSE, Neide Tiemi e MARZIALE, Maria Helena Palucci. Diseases of the osteomuscular system in nursing workers. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2005, vol.13, n.3, pp. 364-373. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692005000300011.
This descriptive and retrospective research was realized at the Fundação Hospitalar do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brazil, and aimed to analyze health problems related to the osteomuscular system in nursing workers of 23 health institutions, who are attended by the Occupational Health Care Division in 2002. Data were collected from the care service maps and from the medical records, on the basis of a script elaborated by the authors. The diagnoses were grouped according to the International Classification of Diseases CID-10 - 10th Review and compared to the Brazilian Health Ministry's list of work-related diseases. The statistical program SPSS was used for data analysis. 11.83% (718) of the 6070 care sessions were diagnosed as osteomuscular problems, involving various body structures such as the spine, upper and lower limbs. Diseases legally considered as occupational diseases related to the muscle-skeletal system were identified in 255 (35%) care sessions, especially back pain (20%) and synovitis and tenosynovitis (13.7%), which were grouped as RSI. This research revealed that greater attention must be given to workers' postures in the execution of their work activities and furniture conditions. Furthermore, ergonomically planned instruments and equipment need to be offered with a view to reducing the incidence levels of osteomuscular problems.
Palavras-chave : occupational health; nursing; occupational diseases; cumulative trauma disorders; work.