Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-1169
GALVAO, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz; PAIVA, Simone de Sousa; SAWADA, Namie Okino and PAGLIUCA, Lorita Marlena Freitag. Analysis of proxemic communication with HIV/AIDS patients. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2006, vol.14, n.4, pp. 491-496. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692006000400004.
This descriptive and exploratory study analyzed the proxemic factors of the nursing team and HIV/AIDS patients in a hospital environment in Fortaleza - CE, between October and November 2004. Data were collected through non-participant observation. Forty-one interactions were analyzed, in which no gender influence was observed. The professional's position towards the patient was mainly standing; intimate distance occurred in 21.95% of interactions, which were mostly related to technical procedures; personal distance predominated in 63.41% of cases, which were related to technical care; social distance occurred in 14.64% of interactions, which were aimed at conservation; obstacles were present in 15 interactions; local touch was the most frequent contact behavior; visual contact was present in 11 interactions, with a view to regulating the conversation flow; the tone of voice was found always adequate. Through proxemics, we can identify important factors in communication with HIV/AIDS patients.
Keywords : communication; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; HIV-1; nurse-patient relations.