Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-1169
OLIVEIRA, Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de et al. Prevalence of mycobacterium tuberculosis among professionals in a university hospital, Mato Grosso do Sul, 2004. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2007, vol.15, n.6, pp. 1120-1124. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692007000600010.
Several studies have demonstrated an elevated prevalence amongst professionals of mycobacterium tuberculosis, both in the rate of infections and illness. This study was carried out in a School Hospital in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil, aiming to establish the prevalence of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The results of the analysis of 194 subjects showed an overall positivity for the tuberculin test of 38.7%. There was a correlation with smoking (p=0.01, RP=1. 72 (1.20-2.45- Yates's correction). The conclusion is that the establishment of a program of tuberculin screening jointly with the implementation of interventions is necessary in order to reduce the risk of nosocomial transmission.
Keywords : tuberculin test; prevalence; health personnel; epidemiology.