Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-1169
ALMEIDA, Sandra Ferreira Silva de and RIESCO, Maria Luiza Gonzalez. Randomized controlled clinical trial on two perineal trauma suture techniques in normal delivery. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2008, vol.16, n.2, pp. 272-279. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692008000200016.
The aim was to compare healing and perineal pain with the use of continuous and interrupted suture techniques in women after normal delivery. A randomized controlled trial was carried out at a hospital birth center in Itapecirica da Serra, Sao Paulo, Brazil. A total of 61 women participated with episiotomy or second degree perineal tear, allocated in two groups according to the continuous (n=31) or interrupted (n=30) suture techniques. The main outcomes evaluated were edema, ecchymosis, hyperemia, secretion, dehiscence, fibrosis, frequency and degree of pain (evaluated by numerical scale from 1 to 10). Data were collected during hospitalization and after discharge (four and 41 days after birth). Healing occurred by first intention in 100% of cases in both suture techniques. There were no statistically significant differences for the occurrence of morbidities, except for perineal pain due to palpation at four days after delivery, which was more frequent among women with interrupted suture.
Keywords : delivery; perineum; pain; suture techniques; obstetrical nursing; clinical trials.