Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-1169
DICCINI, Solange; PINHO, Priscila Gomes de and SILVA, Fabiana Oliveira da. Assessment of risk and incidence of falls in neurosurgical inpatients. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2008, vol.16, n.4, pp. 752-757. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692008000400016.
Neurosurgical patients may present motor, sensitive and balance impairment and increased risk of falling. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fall-related risk factors and the incidence of falls in the pre and post-operative period of neurosurgical patients. A prospective cohort study with a research population of patients undergoing elective neurosurgical procedures. Ninety-seven patients took part in the study. Eight (8.2%) have presented falls with a total of 12 falls (12.4%). In two falls (16.7%), bed side rails were down, whereas in six falls (50%), beds had no rails at all. There was no difference among fall-related risk factors during pre and the post-operative periods. We have concluded that most falls could have been prevented through an improvement in the hospital internal structure and with the introduction of a falls prevention program.
Keywords : accidental falls; nursing; epidemiology; neurosurgery.