Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
versão impressa ISSN 0104-1169
UICAB-POOL, Gloria de los Ángeles; FERRIANI, Maria das Graças Carvalho; GOMES, Romeu e PELCASTRE-VILLAFUERTE, Blanca. Representations of eating and of a nutrition program among female caregivers of children under 5 years old in Tizimin, Yucatan, Mexico. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2009, vol.17, n.6, pp. 940-946. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692009000600003.
This study was carried out between January and April 2008 with 14 caregivers of children younger than 5 years residing in Tizimín city, Mexico. It aimed to understand the social representations of eating and the Programa Oportunidades [Opportunity Program] held by caregivers taking into account their social and cultural context. This qualitative investigation with an ethnographic approach was based on participant observation and semi-structured interviews. Two empirical categories emerged: 1) feeding and 2) an aid. The first refers to the caregivers' representation of eating patterns of children younger than 5 years and the second reveals that the program is considered an aid, which favors and helps caregivers to meet part of their needs. The study achieved the proposed objectives since it enabled us to understand caregivers in the complex task of feeding these children and also to propose strategies in several spheres to improve infant nutrition.
Palavras-chave : anthropology, cultural; culture; cultural characteristics; feeding; food; malnutrition; nutrition programmes; poverty.