Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Print version ISSN 0104-1169
LOPES, Juliana de Lima; NOGUEIRA-MARTINS, Luiz Antonio; GONCALVES, Maria Aparecida Batistão and BARROS, Alba Lucia Bottura Leite de. Comparing Levels of Anxiety During Bed and Shower Baths in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2010, vol.18, n.2, pp. 217-223. ISSN 0104-1169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692010000200012.
This study compared the levels of anxiety presented by patients with acute myocardial infarction in bed and shower baths and the influence of antecedent variables: age, gender, medications, previous hospitalization and/or bed bath, patients' preference regarding the professional's gender, risk factors and anxiety-traits. This crossover study was conducted between February and August 2007 in coronary units. The sample was composed of 71 patients with acute myocardial infarction. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was applied before the baths (bed and shower baths), immediately after the baths and twenty minutes after the second evaluation. Results revealed that patients were more anxious in the bed bath than in the shower in the three assessments (p <0.0001) and the only variable that interfered with state-anxiety was high blood pressure.
Keywords : Anxiety; Baths; Myocardial Infarction.