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Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
On-line version ISSN 1518-8345
COMPEAN ORTIZ, Lidia Guadalupe; GALLEGOS CABRIALES, Esther Carlota; GONZALEZ GONZALEZ, José Gerardo and GOMEZ MEZA, Marco Vinicio. Self-Care Behaviors and Health Indicators in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2010, vol.18, n.4, pp.675-680. ISSN 1518-8345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692010000400003.
This descriptive correlational study aimed to analyze self-care behaviors and their relationship with health indicators represented by glycemic control, lipid profile, Body Mass Index [BMI], waist circumference and body fat percentage in a sample of 98 adults with type 2 diabetes in an area of Nuevo Leon, Mexico (August 2005/May 2006). The results showed a low self-care behaviors index (=36.94, SD=15.14). A significant relationship was found between self-care behaviors and glycosilated hemoglobin [HbA1c] (rs=-.379, p<.001), triglycerides (rs=-.208, p=.040), BMI (rs=-.248, p=.014) and body fat percentage (rs=-.221, p=.029). Multivariate analysis revealed the influence of self-care behaviors on HbA1c, BMI and body fat percentage with explained variances of 9 to 41% (p < .05). From all self-care dimensions, diet was the most predictive for health indicators, moderated by gender and understanding of diabetes contents (p< .05).
Keywords : Self-Care; Health Status Indicators; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2.