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Saúde e Sociedade
Print version ISSN 0104-1290
SILVA, Carlos Roberto de Castro e; MENDES, Rosilda and NAKAMURA, Eunice. Ethic dimension in health research focusing on the qualitative approach. Saude soc. [online]. 2012, vol.21, n.1, pp. 32-41. ISSN 0104-1290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-12902012000100005.
This article addresses the ethical dimension in health research, relating it more specifically to the qualitative approach, based on contributions of the social sciences and ethnography in particular, as it presupposes building a relationship of trust and respect between researchers and researched subjects that is gradually configured. The ethical aspects permeate qualitative research from the choice of the subject matter, the methodological outlines, analysis of the results, to the commitment of providing a feedback for the researched subjects regarding the obtained information. The ethical aspects presuppose the value of an interpersonal relationship in which the different interests, values and worldviews stand as a possibility or not of a joint construction of knowledge. The choice of a subject or object of study is related to a particular life trajectory in which the researcher should ask himself, at all times, how to conciliate the constitution of an ethical attitude in relation to the researched subjects with his own desires, dreams, curiosities and expectations. The article aims to discuss such dilemmas experienced by the researcher, highlighting the importance of ethics for his personal, professional and socio-political growth, and emphasizing the desire for knowledge autonomy, solidarity with social groups and with people involved in the research. Based on the report of a research process, the article intends to contribute to the understanding of how ethical aspects are inextricably linked to research, and also to the researcher, bringing elements to the conduction of qualitative research especially in public health.
Keywords : Qualitative Research; Research Ethics; Social Sciences; Cultural Anthropology; Public Health.