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Saúde e Sociedade

Print version ISSN 0104-1290On-line version ISSN 1984-0470

Abstract

VAZQUEZ-COLUNGA, Julio César et al. Occupational Positive Mental Health: proposal of a theoretical model for the positive approach of mental health at work. Saude soc. [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.2, pp.584-595. ISSN 0104-1290.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0104-12902017169061.

We propose a theoretical model for the approach of Occupational Positive Mental Health based on positive psychology, ecologic psychology, salutogenesis and humanism. The model has a six-factor structure: personal wellbeing at work, positive interpersonal relationships at work, work-life philosophy, empowerment at work, personal strengths at work, and task immersion. These six aspects are translated into four dimensions: cognitive, socio-affective, behavioral, and spiritual. In order to support this proposal, an analysis of the two main approaches to mental health was developed, the traditional, focused on the negative, the suppression or absence of sickness, and the positive, focused on health promotion and the development of virtuous circles. Derived from the analysis, we found a mixed approach and a theoretical shortage that justify the need of an authentic positive model proposition. We finalize with some conclusions and practice implications of social relevance for the topic.

Keywords : Mental Health; Occupational Health; Health Promotion; Work.

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