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Saúde e Sociedade

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1290versão On-line ISSN 1984-0470

Resumo

HAMANN, Cristiano; PIZZINATO, Adolfo; WEBER, João Luís Almeida  e  ROCHA, Kátia Bones. Narratives about risk and guilt among patients of a specialized HIV infection service: implications for care in sexual health. Saude soc. [online]. 2017, vol.26, n.3, pp.651-663. ISSN 1984-0470.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0104-12902017170669.

The objective of this study is to understand how perceptions about HIV and AIDS are articulated in narratives of male and female patients of the Public Health System, with qualitative elements that demonstrate the importance of sexual health counseling. Nine male and female patients of a specialized health service (CTA) were interviewed in Porto Alegre when they visited the CTA for the HIV, Syphilis and Hepatitis B and C Rapid Test. The narratives generated two understanding axes: Risk/Promiscuity and Guilt/Accountability. These axes synthesized some of the innumerable possibilities of meaning in relation to the need to perform the HIV test. The elements promiscuity, risk, guilt and accountability were composed of different social markers, involving social experiences that were articulated with the epidemiological biomedical discourse. In this context, counseling represents a powerful space to deconstruct essentialist meanings and stereotyped notions of risk. This study shows that the narratives reaffirm the understanding of sexuality as an individualized dimension, which indicates the need for health work proposals on singularity. Qualitative analyses focused on the patients’ experience are strategic measures in a project to promote sexual health as a collective process.

Palavras-chave : Counseling; HIV; Sexuality; SUS; HIV Rapid Test.

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