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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428versão On-line ISSN 1678-5169

Resumo

COUTINHO, Fernanda M. B.; MELLO, Ivana L.  e  SANTA MARIA, Luiz C. de. Polyethylene: main types, properties and applications. Polímeros [online]. 2003, vol.13, n.1, pp.01-13. ISSN 1678-5169.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-14282003000100005.

The structure of each polymer has a direct influence on its density and mechanical properties. Long-chain branches, such as those present in low density polyethylene, for example, increase its impact strength, decrease density and improve processing. Short-chain branches present in linear low density polyethylene, on the other hand, increase crystallinity and tensile strength in comparison to low density polyethylene (produced by free radical initiators). The main applications and the type of processing used for each type of polyethylene are also presented in this work. A comparison between Ziegler-Natta and metallocene catalysts is carried out. The polyethylene produced by metallocene catalysts presents narrow molecular weight distribution and a uniform distribution of comonomer incorporated into the polymer chain. Those characteristics provide an enhancement on the tensile properties and impact strength of final products.

Palavras-chave : Polyethylenes; properties; applications; free radical initiation; Ziegler-Natta catalysts; matallocene catalysts.

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