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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428versão On-line ISSN 1678-5169

Resumo

VINHAS, G. M; SOUTO-MAIOR, Rosa M.  e  ALMEIDA, Yeda M. B. de. Study of the properties of PVC modified through substitution by alkyl and benzyl groups. Polímeros [online]. 2005, vol.15, n.3, pp.207-211. ISSN 1678-5169.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-14282005000300011.

Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) ranks second among the most consumed thermoplastics in the world, and is considered the most versatile plastic. This versatility arises from its properties and suitability to a variety of transformation processes. The resin is non toxic and inert, therefore the choice of additives having these properties allows for the fabrication of films for food packaging and medical products. On the other hand, the PVC properties can be altered by sterilization processes, in particular through gamma radiation. In this paper we present a study of the flexibility and stability to gamma radiation of chemically-modified PVC. PVC was modified through substitution of chlorine by alkyl and benzyl groups using Grignard reagents. Modified PVC samples were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetric analyses. Degradation of the polymers when submitted to gamma irradiation was evaluated by their viscometric parameters. The modified PVCs generally presented higher stability to gamma radiation than the original polymer. The benzyl substituted polymer exhibited the highest stability when submitted to the sterilization dosage of 25 kGy. The modified PVCs presented glass transition temperatures slightly lower than the original polymer pointing to an increase in flexibility due to the presence of alkyl and benzyl groups as substituents in the main chain.

Palavras-chave : PVC; modified PVC; degradation; gamma radiation.

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