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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428versão On-line ISSN 1678-5169

Resumo

AYRES, Eliane  e  OREFICE, Rodrigo L.. Nanocomposites derived from polyurethane aqueous dispersion and clay: influence of the clay on the morphology and mechanical properties. Polímeros [online]. 2007, vol.17, n.4, pp.339-345. ISSN 0104-1428.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-14282007000400015.

Waterborne polyurethane (PUD) was synthesized by using poly(propylene glycol) (PPG) as soft segment. The hard segment was formed by extending isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) with hydrazine (HZ) producing poly(urethane-urea). PUD was reinforced with Na+-montmorillonite (Na+-MMT) to yield nanocomposites (CPUD’s) with 1, 3 and 5% of clay. Water was used as swelling agent to make the basal space of silicate layers widen without any chemical treatment. According to XRD curves, the nanocomposites showed intercalation of the polymer with respect to the clay, while small angle X ray scattering (SAXS) results showed that some degree of clay exfoliation was present in the produced film. The incomplete exfoliation of the clay proved that a re-aggregation process of the nanocomponents (originally delaminated in the aqueous dispersion) had occurred during film formation. The degree of hydrogen bonding, evaluated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), was used to investigate the effect of clay on the microphase separation of the polyurethane and indicated that the presence of the clay particles changed the structure of the polymer phase domains. PUD exhibited values of tensile strength and elongation at break about 30 MPa and 1400%, respectively. The incorporation of 1 weight % of MMT improved by 230 and 20% the modulus and strength on the polymer respectively, while keeping the elongation at break almost unchanged.

Palavras-chave : Polyurethane; aqueous dispersion; nanocomposites; SAXS.

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