On-line version ISSN 1678-5169
DALL'ANTONIA, Ana C. et al. Mechanical and thermal characterization of compounds of natural rubber of the clones: GT 1, IAN 873, PB 235 and RRIM 600. Polímeros [online]. 2009, vol.19, n.1, pp. 63-71. ISSN 1678-5169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-14282009000100015.
The objective of this work was to study the mechanical and thermal performance of natural rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) compounds of different types of clones (GT 1, IAN 873, PB 235 and RRIM 600), as well as a mixture made from these clones and a commercial rubber GEB-1. These rubbers were formulated and prepared in a two-roll mill and vulcanized at different times (5, 7 and 9 minutes). The evaluation of the mechanical and thermal performance of different natural rubber compounds was carried out by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), mechanical properties (tensile and hardness tests), dynamic mechanic thermal analysis (DMTA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The values obtained for glass transition temperature (Tg) for vulcanized rubbers were found to be around -62 °C, while in the hardness test the values obtained were close to 60, with no great variations when the vulcanization time and type of clone were varied. The tensile tests showed that the best performance was obtained for the clone RRIM 600. All the samples studied were in agreement with standard specifications required for application in the rubber industry, indicating that all clones can be used, in principle, in the rubber industry in blended or unblended forms.
Keywords : Natural rubber; clone; compound; characterization.