Print version ISSN 0104-1428
SANTOS, Alex C. S.; COSTA, Helson M. da and RAMOS, Valéria D.. Effect from the waste from the electroplating process on the natural rubber (NR) vulcanization. Polímeros [online]. 2009, vol.19, n.3, pp. 255-261. ISSN 0104-1428. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-14282009000300015.
A waste generated in the electroplating process (RG), rich in metals, was incorporated in natural rubber (NR) compositions, as a partial or complete replacement of zinc oxide (ZnO), which is a typical activator of the vulcanization process. Different mixtures were prepared in a two-roll mixer, which were vulcanized at 150 ºC after the rheometry measurements. Mechanical properties such as tensile and tear strength were evaluated, as well as the gel content. In addition, the effect of RG waste upon the vulcanization kinetics was analyzed with the Coran model using temperatures at 150, 160 and 170 ºC. The results showed that RG develops some catalytic effect upon NR vulcanization, but there is a poor mechanical performance when RG loading is higher than that of ZnO in the compositions. For the tear strength, the property is maintained at a reasonable level if a small RG loading is utilized.
Keywords : Natural rubber; electroplating waste; vulcanization; mechanical properties.