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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428

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AQUINO, Fabio G. et al. Study of ageing of polyurethanes applied to the offshore industry. Polímeros [online]. 2010, vol.20, n.1, pp.33-38.  Epub 05-Mar-2010. ISSN 0104-1428.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-14282010005000006.

Brazil is worldwide renowned as a leader in oil and gas extraction in deep and ultra deep water. In the production chain, a great part of the oil and gas produced is conveyed through flexible pipelines that connect the production wells to the platforms. When the pipes are laid on the seabed in a static service condition, the flexible pipes are called flowlines and when raised from the seabed to the platform in a dynamic service condition, they are called risers. The pipes designed for dynamic applications are equipped with bend stiffeners, components with conical form and in general based on polyurethanes, which have the function of providing a transition between the structure of the pipes, of smooth stiffness, and the platform, extremely rigid. This work discussed the changes on the mechanical properties of polyurethanes due to hydrolysis under accelerated ageing. The specimens were exposed at 50, 60 and 70 ºC. The mass variation was also evaluated considering that these materials are designed for a service life exceeding twenty years. The polyurethanes presented significant degradation at 70 ºC, which can reduce its application time in the field owing to mechanical failures when subjected to high temperatures.

Palavras-chave : Degradation; polyurethanes; mechanical properties; properties variation.

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