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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428

Resumo

PAULA, Haroldo C. B. de et al. ALG/Ca beads as an encapsulation agent of croton zehntneri Pax et Hoffm essential oil. Polímeros [online]. 2010, vol.20, n.2, pp.112-120.  Epub 14-Maio-2010. ISSN 0104-1428.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-14282010005000019.

Alginate beads (ALG) crosslinked with calcium and coated with cashew gum (GC) were prepared and loaded with an essential oil from Croton zehntneri Pax et Hoffm (Cz). The beads were characterized by FTIR, thermal properties, with respect to their size, shape, larvicide loading, swelling, and in vitro and in vivo release kinetics. Results showed that beads with ALG:Cz =1:1 relative ratio showed higher loading and encapsulation efficiency, although presenting a faster release kinetics. On the other hand, ALG beads coated with GC showed Q values from 10 to 12, representing a significant increase in the hydrophilic character of the matrix. Infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis confirmed the presence of essential oil encapsulated in beads. Morphologic investigation by SEM revealed a highly spherical and porous surface. The in vitro profile showed that the Cz oil encapsulated had a prolonged release in ALG-GC beads, probably due to the crosslinking. In vivo tests showed that the mortality degree was related to the mass of the beads, where beads having oil content from 1.81 to 4.25 mg caused larvae mortalities from 72 to 100% after 24 h. The control release system was found to be effective up to 70 days. These results showed that ALG-GC beads loaded with Cz are promising candidate for the control of Stegomyia aegypti larvae.

Palavras-chave : Alginate; spheres; cashew gum; encapsulation; Stegomyia aegypti.

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