Print version ISSN 0104-1428
TEIXEIRA, Eliangela de M. et al. Cotton nanofibers obtained by different hydrolytic acid conditions. Polímeros [online]. 2010, vol.20, n.4, pp. 264-268. Epub Nov 12, 2010. ISSN 0104-1428. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-14282010005000046.
The thermal stability of cellulose nanofibers is related to their application and especially to polymer processing normally occurring at ca. 200 °C. In this work, nanofibers of commercial cotton were obtained by acid hydrolysis employing different acids: sulfuric, hydrochloric and a mixture (1:1; sulfuric acid: hydrochloric acid).The morphology of the nanofibers were characterized by transmission microscopy (TEM), zeta potential, elemental analysis, crystallinity by X ray diffraction (XRD) and thermal stability (TGA) in air atmosphere by thermogravimetric analysis. The results indicated a very similar morphology and crystallinity among them. The main differences were lie in the aggregation state and thermal stability. The aggregation state of the suspensions decreases in the order HCl < H2SO4:HCl < H2SO4 due to the increase in surface charge as determined by zeta potential measurements. The hydrolysis with a mixture of HCl and H2SO4 resulted in cellulose nanofibers with higher thermal stability than those hydrolyzed with H2SO4. The hydrolysis employed with a mixture of sulphuric and hydrochloric acids also showed a better dispersion than those suspensions of nanofibers obtained by hydrolysis with only HCl.
Keywords : Cotton; cellulose nanofiber; acid hydrolysis.