Print version ISSN 0104-1428
SOUTO, Eliana B.; SEVERINO, Patrícia and SANTANA, Maria Helena A.. Preparation of polymeric nanoparticles by polymerization of monomers: part I. Polímeros [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.1, pp. 96-100. Epub Feb 09, 2012. ISSN 0104-1428. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-14282012005000006.
Polymeric nanoparticles obtained from synthetic polymers such as copolymers of methacrylic acid, acrylic esters or metacrylics, have been widely used in pharmaceuticals for encapsulation of drugs. These nanoparticles have the advantages of drug protection, controlled release, improved bioavailability and lower toxicity, resulting in greater comfort to patients and compliance to the treatment. The production of nanoparticles (nanospheres and nanocapsules) by polymerization of monomers is reviewed and discussed in this article, highlighting the technological parameters that affect the physicochemical characteristics of nanoparticles, e.g. drug solubility, phase volume, pH of polymerization, molecular weight and monomer concentration, and the nature and concentration of the surfactant.
Keywords : Nanocapsules; nanospheres; polymer; polymerization of monomers.