Print version ISSN 0104-1428
NOBREGA, Marcelo M.; OLIVATO, Juliana B.; MULLER, Carmen M. O. and YAMASHITA, Fabio. Biodegradable starch-based films containing saturated fatty acids: thermal, infrared and raman spectroscopic characterization. Polímeros [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.5, pp.467-474. Epub Oct 30, 2012. ISSN 0104-1428.
Biodegradable films of thermoplastic starch and poly (butylene adipate co-terephthalate) (PBAT) containing fatty acids were characterized thermally and with infrared and Raman spectroscopies. The symmetrical character of the benzene ring in PBAT provided a means to illustrate the difference between these spectroscopic techniques, because a band appeared in the Raman spectrum but not in the infrared. The thermal analysis showed three degradation stages related to fatty acids, starch and PBAT. The incorporation of saturated fatty acids with different molecular mass (caproic, lauric and stearic) did not change the nature of the chemical bonds among the components in the blends of starch, PBAT and glycerol, according to the thermal analysis, infrared and Raman spectroscopies.
Keywords : Fatty acids; PBAT-starch blends; blown extrusion; thermal analysis.