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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428

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RAMOA, Sílvia Daniela Araújo da Silva; MERLINI, Claudia; BARRA, Guilherme Mariz de Oliveira  e  SOARES, Bluma Guenther. The preparation of montmorillonite/polypyrrole nanocomposites: the effect of surfactant incorporation on the structure and properties. Polímeros [online]. 2014, vol.24, n.spe, pp.57-62.  Epub 18-Abr-2014. ISSN 0104-1428.  https://doi.org/10.4322/polimeros.2014.051.

Montmorillonite/polypyrrole (MMT/PPy) nanocomposites were prepared by the in situ polymerization of pyrrole in the presence of clay, natural sodium bentonite, (MMT-Na+) in aqueous solutions with or without an anionic surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), using Iron (III) chloride hexahydrate (FeCl3.6H2O) as oxidant. The structure and properties of the nanocomposites obtained by the in situ polymerization of pyrrole in the presence of SDS (MMT/PPy.SDS) and without surfactant (MMT/PPy) were compared and evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis and the four-point probe method. The XRD patterns of the MMT/PPy composites shows that the d001 spacing in MMT (1.42 nm) was changed to higher values, indicating the intercalation of PPy on MMT for both nanocomposites. The XRD pattern, SEM and TEM images of the MMT/PPy.SDS nanocomposites confirmed that the presence of SDS in the reaction medium promoted, beyond intercalation, the partial exfoliation of the clay. The MMT/PPy.SDS nanocomposites showed electrical conductivity (9.50 S/cm) higher than the MMT/PPy nanocomposites (4.44 S/cm). The presence of the clay significantly improved the thermal stability of PPy.

Palavras-chave : Polypyrrole; montmorillonite; nanocomposites; electrical conductivity.

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