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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428versão On-line ISSN 1678-5169

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MARTINS, Harley Moraes; CAMPOS, Juacyara Carbonelli; GUIMARAES, Maria José de Oliveira Cavalcanti  e  SILVA, Ana Lúcia Nazareth da. Influence of lubricant oil residual fraction on recycled high density polyethylene properties and plastic packaging reverse logistics proposal. Polímeros [online]. 2015, vol.25, n.5, pp.461-465. ISSN 1678-5169.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-1428.1934.

To recycle post-consumer HDPE contaminated with waste lubricating oils, companies include prior washing and drying in the process. This consumes large amounts of water and energy, generates significant effluent requiring treatment. This study assesses lubricating oil influence on HDPE properties to evaluate the feasibility of its direct mechanical recycling without washing. The current lubricating oil packaging reverse logistics in Rio de Janeiro municipality is also analyzed. HDPE bottle samples were processed with seven oil contents ranging from 1.6-29.4 (wt%). The results indicated the possibility to reprocess the polymer with oily residue not exceeding 3.2%. At higher levels, the external oil lubricating action affects the plastic matrix processing in the extruder and injection, and the recycled material has a burnt oil odor and free oil on the surface. Small residual oil amounts retain the plastic properties comparable to the washed recycled polymer and exhibited benefits associated with the oil plasticizer action. However, oil presence above 7.7% significantly changes the properties and reduces the elasticity and flexural modulus and the plastic matrix crystallinity.

Palavras-chave : HDPE; lubricant oils; properties; reverse logistics.

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