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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428versão On-line ISSN 1678-5169

Resumo

LOPES, Magnovaldo Carvalho et al. Optimization of carbon nanotubes dispersion process in thermoset polyurethane. Polímeros [online]. 2016, vol.26, n.1, pp.81-91.  Epub 04-Mar-2016. ISSN 1678-5169.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-1428.2087.

A process employing high shear mixer and roll mill to disperse pristine and modified MWCNTs (multiwalled carbon nanotubes) in polyol was developed in order to prepare 3 wt% masterbatches. The optimum process conditions resulted in suspensions with smaller number and size of nanotube aggregates. Composites containing 0.5 wt% of MWCNTs were prepared by dilution of polyol masterbatches by simple mechanical mixing followed by cure. Microscopy data revealed better dispersion of modified carbon nanotubes in the polymer matrix, which promoted an increase in the tensile strength, elongation and a better preservation of thermal stability. Furthermore, electric conductivity values indicated that the composites can be used for electrostatic dissipation. These results demonstrate that the covalent modification of MWCNTs surface and the use of efficient dispersion strategies are essential to improve nanocomposites’ final properties.

Palavras-chave : carbon nanotubes dispersion; modified carbon nanotubes; thermoset polyurethane elastomer; mechanical properties.

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