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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428versão On-line ISSN 1678-5169

Resumo

BEZERRA, Franciel Aureliano; FIGUEIREDO, Aneliése Lunguinho; ARAUJO, Antonio Souza de  e  GUEDES, Ana Paula de Melo Alves. Catalytic pyrolysis of LDPE using modified vermiculite as a catalyst. Polímeros [online]. 2016, vol.26, n.spe, pp.55-59.  Epub 19-Jan-2016. ISSN 1678-5169.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-1428.1761.

Low density polyethylene (LDPE) is one of the most commonly-used polymers currently, and the great quantity of this polymer produced results in tons of waste that must be treated. We studied the thermocatalytic pyrolysis of LDPE with a modified clay vermiculite catalyst as an alternative for treatment of waste. The clay was treated with a solution of nitric acid at different concentrations and calcined at 400 °C. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry, nitrogen adsorption, and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Thermal and thermocatalytic pyrolysis were carried out in a microreactor coupled with GC/MS at 500 °C. The aim of the polymeric waste pyrolysis is the obtainment of light hydrocarbons (C<16), which can be used in the chemical and petrochemical industry, through breaks in the polymer chain. The results were satisfactory, with an increase in yield for light hydrocarbons by using catalysts reaching up to 71.4% of products with C<16, whereas thermal pyrolysis resulted in only 25.8%.

Palavras-chave : vermiculite; clay; pyrolysis; LDPE.

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