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Polímeros

versão impressa ISSN 0104-1428versão On-line ISSN 1678-5169

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LINHARES, Felipe Nunes et al. Nitrile rubber and carboxylated nitrile rubber resistance to soybean biodiesel. Polímeros [online]. 2018, vol.28, n.1, pp.23-29.  Epub 15-Mar-2018. ISSN 1678-5169.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-1428.09816.

Biodiesel has been considered a suitable substitute for petroleum diesel, but their chemical composition differs greatly. For this reason, biodiesel interacts differently than petroleum diesel with various materials, including rubbers. Therefore, the resistance of some elastomers should be thoroughly evaluated, specifically those which are commonly used in automotive industry. Nitrile rubber (NBR) is widely used to produce vehicular parts that are constantly in contact with fuels. This paper aimed to assess the resistance of carboxylated nitrile rubber (XNBR) with 28% of acrylonitrile content to soybean biodiesel in comparison with non-carboxylated nitrile rubber samples, with high and medium acrylonitrile content (33 and 45%). NBR with medium acrylonitrile content showed little resistance to biodiesel. However, carboxylated nitrile rubber even with low acrylonitrile content had similar performance to NBR with high acrylonitrile content.

Palavras-chave : nitrile rubber; crosslink density; biodiesel; mechanical properties.

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