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Ensaio: Avaliação e Políticas Públicas em Educação

Print version ISSN 0104-4036On-line version ISSN 1809-4465


PERALES, Ramón García. Female and mathematics skills: best ranked students in tests of mathematical performance. Ensaio: aval.pol.públ.Educ. [online]. 2016, vol.24, n.90, pp.5-29. ISSN 1809-4465.

In this article differences between female and male sexes, in terms of performance in BECOMA Battery of Evaluation of the Mathematical Competition, are analyzed, using the Competencies –especially the mathematical competency- as a framework. Scientific and technical disciplines have traditionally been a “male” field, according to multiple investigations in education; that is why it is indispensable to deepen in this topic. First, a study of PISA Program for International Student Assessment –this test is chosen because of its importance, high number of participant countries, solidity and rigor in evaluation and analysis-, is carried out. Then, an inquiry of the best ranked students is conducted, by establishing a relationship between mathematics skills, high performance (level 6 and 7 in BECOMA) and female sex. Attention to the diversity is a fundamental principle of inclusive education, and in that order, the detection of students with the best mathematics performances is indispensable.

Keywords : Differences among sexes; Yield tests; Mathematical reasoning; Diagnosis of the mathematical competition; Students with high mathematical capacity.

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