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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0104-4230versão On-line ISSN 1806-9282

Resumo

FARIAS, W.V.L.; SADER, H.S.; LEME, I.L.  e  PIGNATARI, A.C.. In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of 117 clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus from 12 hospitals. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 1997, vol.43, n.3, pp.199-204. ISSN 0104-4230.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42301997000300006.

OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of oxacillin susceptible (OSSA) and resistant Staphylococcus aureus (ORSA) isolates to other antimicrobial agents that can be used for the treatment of staphylococcal infections. MATERIAL AND METHOD. We evaluated 117 clinical S. aureus isolates from several São Paulo hospitals. Clinical isolates from Campinas, SP and from João Pessoa, PB, were also included. The in vitro susceptibility testing was performed by broth microdilution as described by the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was evaluated for 24 antimicrobial agents, including b-lactams, fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, glycopeptides, macrolides, lincosamides and streptogramins. Both commercially available and experimental drugs were included in the study. Cross-resistance among fluoroquinolones was evaluated by susceptibility testing 24 isolates to 10 fluoroquinolones. RESULTS. The antimicrobial agents that showed the highest in vitro activity were the glycopeptides, the streptogramin RP-59.500, and the mupirocin (100% susceptibility). Eighty-seven percent of the OSSA and only 38% of the ORSA isolates were susceptible to ciprofloxacin (MIC50 0.25mg/mL and > 4mg/mL, respectively). Cross-resistance among fluoroquinolones were noted even for the experimental drugs. Two fluoroquinolones remained active against ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates, clinafloxacin and WIN-57.273. However, the ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates had MICs eight-to 64-fold higher than the ciprofloxacin-susceptible isolates, suggesting that the MICs may continue to increase when these fluoroquinolones become commercially available. CONCLUSION. Our results showed a high rate of antimicrobial resistance among S. aureus from the Brazilian hospitals. Very few drugs can still be used for the treatment of staphylococcal infections.

Palavras-chave : Staphylococcus aureus; In vitro antimicrobial activity; Antimicrobial resistance; Fluoroquinolones; Glycopeptides.

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