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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0104-4230On-line version ISSN 1806-9282


CARVALHO, MARCOS BRASILINO DE et al. Relationship between the outcome and the frequency of micronuclei in cells of patients with oral and oropharyngeal carcinoma. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2002, vol.48, n.4, pp.317-322. ISSN 0104-4230.

BACKGROUND: To verify the correlation between the micronucleus frequency and the presence of local recurrences or second primary lesion in patients with carcinoma of the oral cavity. METHODS: We studied the frequency of micronucleus of the oral mucosa in 27 untreated patients with carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx. The patients were monthly followed after initial treatment, in an attempt to identify local recurrences or second primary lesions. RESULTS: Of the 24 patients evaluated during the whole time, 5 cases (20,8%) were alive and free of disease, and 19 cases died, 18 (75%) owing to cancer and 1 to perfurative peptic ulcer. In relation to micronucleus frequency, no difference was observed among the patients with local recurrence of the disease (N=14) and the patients who died of other causes or were alive and free of disease (N=10) (p = 0.83). There was higher micronucleus frequency in the stages T3 and T4 (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: In the present study was not possible to find a clinical correlation between the frequency of micronucleus of the oral mucosal and the risk of development of local recurrence or second primary tumor in patients with upper aerodigestive tract carcinoma.

Keywords : Micronuclei; Oral carcinoma; Local recurrence.

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