Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0104-4230
SESSO, Ricardo and FERRAZ, Marcos B.. Critical appraisal of sevelamer for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients with chronic renal failure. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2003, vol.49, n.1, pp. 103-108. ISSN 0104-4230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302003000100042.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) the effectiveness and the costs of sevelamer, a cationic polymer calcium- and aluminum-free, that is a new gastrointestinal phosphate binder. METHODS: Literature review and critical appraisal of six clinical trials about the effectiveness and two economic studies of sevelamer in CRF patients. RESULTS: Sevelamer is an effective phosphate binder (used in a mean daily dose of 3.5 g three times per day with meals) and with similar effect as that obtained with calcium salts, without the adverse manifestations of the latter (elevation of calcium x phosphorus product, hypercalcemia, vascular and cardiac calcifications, etc.). Moreover, sevelamer reduced serum LDL cholesterol in around 30%. Despite the greater direct costs of sevelamer compared with calcium salts, the total costs may be lower due to the reduction of costs with clinical complications and hospitalizations. CONCLUSIONS: Sevelamer has important therapeutic value in CRF patients with hyperphosphatemia. Economic analyses should be performed in our setting to define the cost-effectiveness relationship of sevelamer.
Keywords : Sevelamer; Hyperphosphatemia; Chronic Renal Failure; Hyperparathyroidism.