Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0104-4230
OLIVEIRA, Agliberto Barbosa de et al. Immunoexpression of c-erbB-2 in intraductal proliferative lesions of the female breast. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2004, vol.50, n.3, pp. 324-329. ISSN 0104-4230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302004000300043.
OBJECTIVES: Genetic modifications are related to genesis and development of cancer. Neoplasias in various organs express the c-erbB-2 oncogene. In intraductal proliferations of the breast it has been assessed as a risk factor for subsequent development of carcinoma. The c-erbB-2 immunoexpression in intraductal epithelial proliferations and the relationship with histopathological characteristics of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) were evaluated. METHODS: File material from 88 women, which were tissue samples formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks, was used. Of these 51 presented with DCIS and 37 with ductal hyperplasia without atypia. Ages of the women ranged from 35 to 76 years. All cases were reviewed and nuclear grade, presence of necrosis, preponderance of histological subtype and its extension were verified. Specimens were obtained for the c-erB-2 immunohistochemical study of 84 of the women in question. RESULTS: No expression of the oncogene was verified in the hyperplasias without atypias and in tissues adjacent to all tissue samples. Expression of c-erbB-2 was verified in 9 (19.1%) of the DCIS (p= 0.0001). Immunoexpression was not related to the extension of the lesions. The c-erbB-2 immunoexpression in DCIS was correlated to the histological subtype (p=0.019), necrosis (p=0.0066), nuclear grade (p=0.0084) and Van Nuys Classification (p=0.039). CONCLUSIONS: Expression of c-erbB-2 was significant in proliferative lesions with risk (DCIS) and was correlated to histopathological characteristics: high nuclear grade, presence of necrosis and comedy subtype. There was no expression in the hyperplasias without atypias and adjacent tissues.
Keywords : Ductal carcinoma "in situ"; Intraductal proliferative lesions; C-erbB-2; Prognosis; Breast cancer.