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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0104-4230On-line version ISSN 1806-9282

Abstract

RODACKI, Melanie; ZAJDENVERG, Lenita; MILECH, Adolpho  and  OLIVEIRA, José Egídio Paulo de. Random C peptide measurement in adults with clinical diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2008, vol.54, n.3, pp.238-241. ISSN 1806-9282.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302008000300017.

OBJECTIVE: C peptide measurement can be helpful for classification of diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between clinical diagnosis of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and levels of random C peptide. METHODS: Random C peptide was measured in adults of multi-ethnic background who had been classified as having T1D according to their clinical presentation. All individuals were > 18 years old at onset. RESULTS: The study included 51 adults, 28 (54.9%) females and 23 (45.1%) males, 36 (70.6%) Caucasian and 15 (29.4%) non-Caucasian. Their mean age at onset and duration of DM mean age were 27.9 (± 7.5) years and 9.9 (±7.2) years, respectively. In 8 patients (15.7%) C peptide was > 1.5 ng/ml, indicating sustained beta cell function. In this group a higher level of body mass index (26.05 vs 23.05 kg/m2; p=0.006) and a greater proportion of non Caucasian individuals (62.5% vs 23.3%; p=0.039)) were detected. CONCLUSION: Most patients with DM clinically classified as T1D exhibit low C peptide. However, pancreatic insulin secretion seems to be preserved in a significant proportion of those individuals, possibly representing an atypical form of DM, not yet elucidated, that combines characteristics of both T1D and T2D.

Keywords : Diabetes; Onset; C peptide; Adults.

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