Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
versión impresa ISSN 0104-4230
CARVALHO, Annelise Barreto et al. Cardiovascular and renal anomalies in Turner syndrome. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2010, vol.56, n.6, pp. 655-659. ISSN 0104-4230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302010000600012.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and type of cardiovascular (CV) and renal/collecting system (R/CS) abnormalities seen in a sample of patients with Turner Syndrome (TS) and to verify the proportion of those anomalies detected only after diagnosis was established. METHODS: Retrospective study of 130 patients with TS diagnosed in an outpatient setting between 1989 and 2006. The mean age at diagnosis was 11.9 years. Data were obtained by personal history of CV and R/CS disorders and by results of echocardiogram and ultrasonography of the kidneys and collecting system performed after diagnosis. RESULTS: 25.6% of patients who underwent echocardiograms presented CV abnormalities. Among them, mitral regurgitation (21.4%), bicuspid aortic valve (19%) and aortic coarctation (19%) were the most frequent. R/CS anomalies were found in 29.3% of patients who underwent ultrasonography. Among them, duplication of the collecting system and hydronephrosis (25% each) and horseshoe kidney (21.2%) were the most frequent. In about 80% of cases there was no previous knowledge of these anomalies. CONCLUSION: The frequency of CV and R/CS abnormalities found in this study was similar to that of previous studies, but most were found in routine exams after TS diagnosis. Thus, early detection of associated anomalies depends on early detection of TS.
Palabras llave : Congenital abnormalities; Heart Defects, Congenital; Kidney diseases; Turner syndrome.