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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0104-4230


GOULART, Ana Lucia; MORAIS, Mauro Batista de  and  KOPELMAN, Benjamin Israel. Impact of perinatal factors on growth deficits of preterm infants. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2011, vol.57, n.3, pp.272-279. ISSN 0104-4230.

OBJECTIVE: To review perinatal factors associated with a growth deficit in preterm infants at a corrected age of one year. METHODS: Cohort study of preterm infants with a birth weight < 2,000 g. Percentiles and Z scores of body weight (W/A), length (L/A) and head circumference (HC/A) at one year of corrected age were calculated by using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention curves. RESULTS: Among 303 preterm infants, the frequencies of measures below the 10th percentile (P10) and Z scores -2 were 43.2% and 24.4% for W/A, 22.1% and 8.6% for L/A and 15.8% and 4.6% for HC/A, respectively. Logistic regression analyses showed factors associated with higher odds for W/A < P10 were resuscitation at birth (1.8 times) and small for gestational age infants (3.0 times). In infants rated as small at full-term postconceptual age, the odds for W/A < P10 were 4.0 times as high in those with a birth weight between 1,000 and 1,499 g and 3.5 times as high in those > 1,500 g. As birth length was reduced, the odds for L/A < P10 increased, but this was not associated with birth weight. The odds for HC/A < P10 were 2.5 times as high in small for gestational age infants. In infants with a body weight < 1,000 g, the odds for HC/A < P10 were 4.4 times higher, compared with those between 1,000 g and 1,499 g and 5.3 times higher if compared with those > 1,500 g. CONCLUSION: At a corrected age of one year, preterm infants with a birth weight < 2,000 g were found with high growth deficits frequencies, and associated factors were variable, depending on the analyzed deficit, with intrauterine and postnatal growth restriction being outstanding predictors.

Keywords : Preterm infant; low birth weight neonate; very low birth weight neonate; extremely low birth weight neonate; growth.

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