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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Print version ISSN 0104-4230
CARBONEL, Adriana Aparecida Ferraz et al. Effects of high-dose isoflavones on rat uterus. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2011, vol.57, n.5, pp. 534-539. ISSN 0104-4230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302011000500011.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of high-dose isoflavones on the uterus of castrated adult rats. METHODS: Adult, ovariectomized virgin rats (n = 40) were treated by gavage during 30 consecutive days with vehicle (propylene glycol, group GCtrl) or different doses of genistein: 42 (group GES42), 125 (GES125), or 250 (GES250) µg/g body weight per day. Animals were killed, weighed, vaginal and uterine samples were taken for cytologic evaluation, and serum levels of 17 β-estradiol and progesterone were determined. The middle third of the uterine horns was dissected, fixed in 10% formaldehyde and processed for paraffin inclusion; 5-µm thick sections were obtained and stained with HE for further histological study under light microscopy. The endometrial morphology and area, number and area of glands, and number of eosinophils in the lamina propria were analyzed. ANOVA and the Tukey-Kramer test were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Uterine weight, endometrial glandular area, and number of glands and eosinophils were all higher in GES250 > G125 than in the other groups (GES250 > GES125 > GES42 = GCtrl; p < 0.05). Morphological data showed signs of endometrial proliferation upon treatment with genistein, especially in animals in GES125 and GES250 compared to other groups. In all animals in GES250, signs of uterine squamous metaplasia were observed. CONCLUSION: A short treatment period with high daily doses of isoflavones can promote endometrial squamous metaplasia in ovariectomized rats.
Keywords : Isoflavones; ovariectomy; uterus; metaplasia; rats.