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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0104-4230

Abstract

MEDEIROS, Camila Andrade Mendes et al. Neck circumference, a bedside clinical feature related to mortality of acute ischemic stroke. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2011, vol.57, n.5, pp.559-564. ISSN 0104-4230.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302011000500015.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical/demographic factors, sleep alterations and one year mortality in acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 89 consecutive patients (mean age 64.39 ± 8.51 years) with acute ischemic stroke. High risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was evaluated by the Berlin questionnaire, daytime somnolence by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (> 10) and subjective sleep quality by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (> 5). Clinical and anthropometric data including body mass index, hip-waist ratio, neck circumference (NC) were obtained. Increased NC was defined if > 43 cm in men and > 38 cm in women. Stroke severity was estimated by the Barthel Index and the modified Rankin Scale. The end-point was death after 12 months follow-up. RESULT: One-year mortality was 8.9%. Non-survivors were older (p = 0.006) and had larger NC (p = 0.02). Among all cases, large NC was related to high risk of OSA, diabetes and hypertension (Fisher's exact test). Compared to men, women showed relatively larger NC. Overall, family history of stroke (74.2 %), diabetes (33.7%) and hypertension (78.6%) were frequent; obesity (11.2%) was uncommon. Daytime sleepiness (34.8 %), poor sleep quality (65.2%) and risk of OSA (58.42%) were frequently found. CONCLUSION: Poor sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness and high risk of OSA are frequent in this sample with acute ischemic stroke. One-year mortality was related to older age and large NC. As obesity is uncommon in acute stroke patients, a large NC should be taken as a significant clinical sign related to mortality.

Keywords : Sleep; stroke; sleep apnea; neck circumference; mortality.

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