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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0104-4230

Abstract

FERREIRA, Lilian de Abreu; IBIAPINA, Cássio da Cunha; MACHADO, Márcia Gomes Penido  and  FAGUNDES, Eleonora Druve Tavares. High prevalence of off-label and unlicensed drug prescribing in a Brazilian intensive care unit. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.58, n.1, pp.82-87. ISSN 0104-4230.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302012000100019.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the use and determine the prevalence of off-label and unlicensed drug use prescribing in a pediatric intensive care unit in a Southeastern Brazilian hospital METHODS: Cross-sectional study of inpatients in a pediatric intensive care unit from May 2008 through January 2009. The classification according to the Brazilian regulatory agency (Agência de Vigilância Sanitária - Anvisa) approval criteria was based on the Anvisa electronic package insert list, Pharmaceuticals Dictionary, and the analysis was conducted through R software. RESULTS: We analysed 1,054 prescription items for 73 patients. Females predominated (52%), and the patients' age ranged from 0 to 16 years. Among the prescribed items, 23.4% were off-label, 12.6% were unlicensed, 1.4% were both off-label and unlicensed, 86% had at least one item off-label, and 67% had at least one unlicensed drug. The most frequently prescribed therapeutic groups were systemic anti-bacterial, analgesic, psycholeptic, and antiasmathic agents. CONCLUSION: The current study results confirm the high prevalence of unlicensed and off-label drug use in a pediatric intensive care unit.

Keywords : Pediatrics; off-label drug use; drug prescribing; drug package inserts.

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