Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
versión impresa ISSN 0104-4230
DUARTE, Camila Kümmel et al. Physical activity level and exercise in patients with diabetes mellitus. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.58, n.2, pp. 215-221. ISSN 0104-4230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-42302012000200018.
OBJECTIVE: To compare physical activity level (PAL) and care related to exercise in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: DM outpatients (adult, insulin-user patients) were assessed for PAL (international questionnaire; moderate- and high-level activities, as well as walking, over a typical week) and questioned about formal exercise practice, self-care, and hypoglycemic episodes related to exercise or reasons for not exercising. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty five patients were assessed: 107 (47.6%) had type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and 118 (52.4%) had type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1), with a larger percentage of patients with DM2 being classified as poorly active [33 (30.7%) versus 12 (10.3%)] and a lower percentage being classified as highly active [9 (8.7%) versus 29 (25%)], compared with patients having DM1. Patients who do not exercise (n = 140) gave different reasons for not doing so: patients with DM2 claimed that they "felt uncomfortable", "presented medical restrictions", and "did not like it"; DM1 patients claimed that they "had no time to exercise", "were lazy", and "had hypoglycemic episodes". Only 85 patients exercised regularly, regardless of the PAL, and 38.8% performed self-care, such as eating, stretching, and capillary glucose monitoring. Patients with DM2 [5 (14.3%)] reported a lower number of hypoglycemic episodes related to exercise than those with DM1 [17 (34%)]. CONCLUSION: Patients with DM2 have different PAL and behavior related to exercise than those seen in DM1 patients.
Palabras llave : Diabetes mellitus; hypoglycemia; self-care; exercise.