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Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0104-4230versão On-line ISSN 1806-9282

Resumo

CAMPOLINA, Alessandro Gonçalves; LOPEZ, Rossana Veronica Mendoza; NARDI, Elene Paltrinieri  e  FERRAZ, Marcos Bosi. Quality of life in a sample of Brazilian adults using the generic SF-12 questionnaire. Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. [online]. 2018, vol.64, n.3, pp.234-242. ISSN 0104-4230.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.64.03.234.

Objective:

This study describes the summary scores of the Short Form-12 (SF-12) questionnaire, according to socio-demographic factors obtained in a probabilistic and representative sample of the Brazilian urban population.

Method:

Five thousand (5,000) individuals, over the age of 15, were assessed in 16 capital cities, in the five regions of the country. The selection of households was random. Face-to-face approach was applied in the household interviews. The SF-12 questionnaire was used to assess quality of life. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were also evaluated: gender, age, marital status, skin color, region of the country and use of the public health service.

Results:

The mean value (SD) of the SF-12 for the entire population was 49.3 (8.7) for the physical component (PCS-12) and 52.7 (9.7) for the mental component (MCS-12). Statistical differences were found for gender (PCS-12 and MCS-12), age (PCS-12) and working status (PCS-12 and MCS-12). Women, elderly, widowed and unemployed individuals, those with lower income and with complaints in the last seven days showed lower mean values (PCS-12 and MCS-12).

Conclusion:

From this point forward, we can provide the basis for comparisons with future research that use the SF-12 for quality of life assessment in Brazil. The Brazilian population has a lower degree of quality of life related do the physical component, and the SF-12 is a useful and discriminative instrument for assessing quality of life in different socio-demographic groups.

Palavras-chave : Quality of Life; Surveys and Questionnaires; Brazil; Health Surveys; Socioeconomic Factors.

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