Revista de Sociologia e Política
On-line version ISSN 1678-9873
MARQUES, Francisco Paulo Jamil Almeida. The problem of political participation within the deliberative model of democracy. Rev. Sociol. Polit. [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.41, pp.21-35. ISSN 1678-9873. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-44782012000100003.
This paper discusses the premises of the deliberative model of democracy as they address the issue of political participation. We attempt to clarify what political participation means for those who use this model, while at the same time looking at some of the major critiques that have been directed toward it. Through a review of an important part of the literature, and without losing sight of earlier systematizations of democratic theory, three fundamental conditions for engendering participation according to this discursive model are pointed to: political institutions should create and offer citizens opportunities to participate in public input; improvement in people's socio-economic condition must be made; attention should be given to particular principles that have consistent regulatory influence on the interactions and arguments in question. This is followed by attention to the criticisms raised and flaws detected by deliberationism's detractors. At the end of the text, a summary of the strengths and weaknesses of the model is presented, along with a discussion of the problem of participation in contemporary democracies.
Keywords : Participation; Deliberation; Democracy; Representation.