Revista de Sociologia e Política
On-line version ISSN 1678-9873
CORADINI, Odaci Luiz. Socio-professional groups, academic degrees and electoral dispute. Rev. Sociol. Polit. [online]. 2012, vol.20, n.41, pp.109-122. ISSN 1678-9873. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-44782012000100008.
This article presents results from an analysis of the relationship between social position, financial investment in campaigns and results of electoral disputes at different levels. We have included 2004 municipal elections and 2006 general elections candidates. In order to consider resources emanating from social position, we focus on professional status and academic title. We have also examined the effect of the occupation held prior to assuming elected office. According to our general hypothesis, on the one hand, a process of greater concentration of occupational categories representing higher social position and closely associated with valued academic degrees can be identified as we move up the hierarchy toward more prestigious offices. Furthermore, in electoral disputes the effects of these resources make themselves felt in candidates' chances for success or failure. On the other hand,in addition to resources associated with professions and educational level, where offices are prestigious and chances of electoral success higher, we identify a corresponding increase in the occupational "charisma" linked to candidates' previous professional activities.
Keywords : Elections; Social Position; Social Selection; Academic Degrees; Politics and Charismatic Position; Electoral Processes; Financial Investment.