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Pró-Fono Revista de Atualização Científica

versão impressa ISSN 0104-5687

Resumo

REIS, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa  e  IORIO, Maria Cecília Martinelli. P300 in subjects with hearing loss. Pró-Fono R. Atual. Cient. [online]. 2007, vol.19, n.1, pp.113-122. ISSN 0104-5687.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-56872007000100013.

BACKGROUND: behavioral and electrophysiological evaluations contribute to the understanding of the hearing system and to the intervention process. AIM: to investigate the occurrence of P300 in subjects with congenital severe to profound hearing loss, according to the variables of gender, age and hearing loss level. METHOD: the design of this research is a descriptive transversal study. Twenty-nine subjects, 15 male and 14 female, ranging in age from 11 to 42 years, were evaluated. Inclusion criteria were: to have at least 11 years of age and no more than 45 years; to have the diagnosis of congenital severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss; to have no other disorder; and absence of central hearing loss or any other auditory conductive disorder. The first stage consisted of an auditory behavioral and physiological evaluation, including: pure tone audiometry (air and bone conduction measures), speech audiometry, SDT (Speech Detection Threshold) and functional gain measures for the subjects using hearing aids, and immittance measures - tympanometry and acoustic reflexes thresholds; transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE); distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE). The electrophysiological evaluation was the fourth stage of the study and included: auditory brainstem response (ABR) and late latency response (P300). RESULTS: P300 was obtained for 17 out of the 29 subjects. Mean latency and amplitude were 326.97 ms and 3.76 V, respectively. A statistical significant difference was observed for latency when considering the variable age (electrode CzA2 p < 0.003 and CzA1 p < 0.02) and for amplitude when considering the variable hearing loss level (p < 0.0015). CONCLUSION: P300 can be recorded in subjects with hearing loss.

Palavras-chave : Event- Related Potentials; P300; Evoked Potencial Auditory; Hearing Loss Sensorineural.

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